After settling on the topic that you are going to write about in your research paper, the next important thing that you should give much thought is the scope of your paper or what you are going to include in your report. The topic basically answers the question “what should I write my research paper on” and as such, you should get research paper help if you are unsure about how to come up with one. A broader topic will be difficult to discuss in depth and provide all the necessary details on. The scope of your paper will be important in guiding you to come up with an outline.

class work

The outline reminds you to include all the parts, titles, subtitles and all the relevant subtleties in it. The preliminary split of your paper into all its constituent components will eliminate the worry of possibly overlooking something important.

Useful Tips on How to Structure your Research Paper Outline

The purpose of your research paper outline is to demonstrate your understanding on the topic you are researching on and will be evaluated as it shapes your topic into the main work. A simple research paper outline will contain the following sections:

  1. Title and author(s) of the work
  2. Abstract and table of contents
  3. Research thesis
  4. The body (Major points)
  5. The supporting arguments for your points
  6. The conclusion

The research paper outline will remain relatively the same for many papers regardless of whether it is a college work on desert plant adaptations or the working mechanisms of a single engine propeller plane. Both the outline and the actual research paper always share the same structure. It is sometimes difficult to wrap your mind around the whole task, which is why you can always check out some of the best research paper writing service reviews to get your paper done for you. However, if you insist on completing the assignment on your own, read on for more tips on the best ways to draw you outline.


This is the most important part of all academic works. This is like an elevator pitch to your paper and determines whether the reader or your audience will continue to read or give the report a rest. Endeavor to make the introduction as intriguing, informative and riveting while saving the details for the main body. A perfect introduction should care to have the following.

  • Hook – a hook is the part of your introduction that inducts your reader and draws their attention to your work. The hook should be thought provoking and invoke your reader’s interest in your work. The length is dependent on the overall size of your research paper.
  • Audience setting – before you begin writing your paper, you had to define the audience that will be your target. The introduction should be relatable to your audience and explain to them why they are your target.
  • Thesis statement – this is your main argument statement. Make a precise point that is simple and clear enough on what you are going to talk about and why it matters. Give the readers a course to read your work after putting effort into making it.


This is the main component of your research paper outline and is not limited on volume since it contains much of the information you want to portray and will be the biggest. The size of the body section depends on the overall volume of your research work.

The evidence gathered throughout your research should be included in this section. Make sure that for every argument you make there is sufficient proof to back it up. Also, ensure that you provide the appropriate citation for your work with regards to the format required.

To give the reader a sense of your in depth understanding of the subject, you can also mention the counterarguments and show why they are incorrect by providing evidence. This creates a good academic impression and demonstrates your commitment to tasks that challenge your own understanding and beliefs.

Ultimately, ensure that the paper has a consistency in style, flow and tone from beginning to the end. You may however inject various language techniques and general creativity to make your paper more appealing and interesting to the audience. Explain everything in depth without coming off as too dull.


In this section, summarize your arguments so that the readers can ponder over and internalize your main arguments. The conclusion should be relatively brief and carry all the important parts to help the audience digest and memorize the important parts of your paper. The very end of your research paper should contain the call to action/discussion which provokes your readers.

Outline Format Example

Below is a sample research paper outline.

Thesis Topic: A Research on the Factors Influencing the Infant Feeding Practices of Mothers in the Slum Regions of Nairobi City

  1. Introduction
    1. Problem Statement
    2. Definition of Terms
    3. Theoretical Framework
    4. Methodology
      1. Research Type
      2. Audience or Interviewees
      3. Questionnaire
    5. Hypothesis
    6. Literature Review
    7. Scope and Limitations of the Research
    8. Significance of the Research
  2. Body
    1. Background of the Study
      1. Importance of Breastfeeding
      2. Guidelines by WHO
      3. The International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes
      4. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative
      5. State Situationer
      6. The Lactation Product Code
      7. BFHI in Kenya
      8. Code Violations
      9. Formula Feeding
      10. Factors that Determine How Mothers Choose to Feed their Babies
      11. Local Situationer
    2. Data Presentation and Analysis
      1. Socio-economic Demographic Outlook of Mothers
      2. Data Concerning Current Infant
      3. Current Infant Feeding Practices of Mothers
        1. Breastfeeding Only
        2. Mixed Feeding
        3. Formula Feeding
      4. Previous Infant Feeding Practices
      5. Maternal Knowledge
      6. Correlation Investigations
  3. Conclusion
    1. Concluding Statement
      1. Summary
      2. Thesis Revisited.
    2. Recommendations